These kinds of diet suits diabetics: do they need sugar?

 Which diet suits diabetics?

Diet low in calories and high in fiber from fruits, vegetables, and whole grains fits them. 
Vegetables are considered in plenty and included in the diet since they are less in sugars and rich in micronutrients. The vegetables are served half or full plate mostly.

Why is diabetic patient plate is half vegetables, and a quarter or fist size starches and proteins given is measured as one cup?
Vegetables are given in plenty. They have fewer calories, sugars and are packed with dietary fiber that regulates sugars absorption.
 The starch portion size matters when blood sugars are above 8.5mmol/liter. The carbohydrates are the ones containing sugars thus,  reducing the quantity helps stabilize sugars.

Do diabetics need meat sources?

A diabetic diet should be properly planned, including meat sources, especially from lean meats, to gain some vitamins not present in other food groups. This is essential for ensuring variety. Providing lean meats to them will provide long-chain fats for absorption of fat-soluble vitamins.

How often should they consume lean meat to get animal fats in moderation?

Diabetics should be served with a lean meat source at least twice a week. One serving a day is enough.
Diabetic foods

A diabetic menu or meal plan comprises foods from all food groups too. Well planned meal to avoid worsening the condition is the key. Refined foods, saturated fats, and foods high in glycemic index are excluded. The purpose is to make diabetes conditions manageable. These foods are therefore selected since they are one of the best when comes to managing any type of diabetes;

  • Whole grains 
  • Legumes
  • Lean Meat
  • Free fat milk or skimmed milk 
  • Low-fat cheese
  • Fruits and vegetables
  • Boiled green bananas

Whole grains 

Whole grains are good for diabetes patients. They contain insoluble fiber. The fiber in them helps slow down carbohydrates digestion thus helpful in the regulation of glucose absorption this controls blood sugars in diabetes.

Whole grains are a healthy carbs source compared to refined carbs.
Refined carbs contain hidden sodium, bad cholesterol, and lack fiber which makes them unhealthy.

These whole grains are;
  • Whole corn 
  • Whole wheat
  • Oats
  • Brown rice


These kinds of foodstuffs provide proteins that are rich in fiber too.
These legumes are unlikely to cause acidosis like animal proteins.
Examples of these legumes that diabetics should consume;
  • Chicken peas
  • Kidney beans
  • Black beans
  • French beans
  • Green peas
  • Lentils

Lean Meat

They are good and healthy proteins source for a diabetic. They contain good cholesterol since they are rich in unsaturated oils. The lean meat should be included in diabetic patient's menus and served at least twice a week.
Including the lean meat source in the meal plan will help compensate for some B vitamins that are absent in plant proteins.

Salmon and other types of fish will provide long-chain fats(omega 3 fatty acids) which cannot be obtained in plant proteins.

These are the lean meat that should be counted on;
Chicken breast, or drumstick
  • Salmon 
  • Small fish
Free fat milk 
Starting a diabetic breakfast, or providing a glass of skimmed milk with healthy snacks is good.

Providing the free fat milk helps the diabetic improve their nutrition too. Calcium in the milk is essential for building their bones and teeth.

Sugars should not be added to milk. Adding sugars to the skimmed milk or any prepared tea rises the blood glucose causing difficulties in managing the condition. In diabetic patients, pancreas cells don't release insulin to help turn raised sugars in the bloodstream into stored glucose(glycogen), or sometimes liver cells fail to respond to insulin released to convert excess sugars. Sugar portions should therefore be watched.

Low sodium and fat cheese 

The low-fat and sodium cheese is a nutritional fit for diabetic patients. The reduced-fat and sodium content in the cheese makes the food less hazardous.
The low sodium cheese is important since it reduces the risk of contracting or activating related chronic conditions like hypertension

Fruits and vegetables

Fruits and vegetables are the best when comes to foods high in micronutrients and low in calories. Vegetables should not miss in every meal, and for this reason, diabetic patients should rather leave starches in case of leftovers. This means they should get full of vegetables. 
  Fruits should be moderated since they have a sugar known as fructose. One piece is enough in a day for patients with high blood sugars.

These vegetables contain mostly soluble fiber, which regulates low-density lipoproteins (bad cholesterol) and glucose.

The insoluble fiber is then good for type two diabetic patients experiencing weight gain and obesity. 
The vitamins and minerals the fruits and vegetables provide are important for boosting their immunity, ensuring possible wound recovery for a diabetic.
Fruits provide them with natural sugars which are not bad for their body.
These fruits and vegetables can be used to make healthy snacks for diabetic patients.

These are snacks that can be prepared from fruits and vegetables;
Sliced apples with cottage cheese
Yogurt with berries
Diabetics should be offered with varieties of fruits and vegetables to ensure they get different and all micronutrients to meet their requirements.
These fruits and vegetables are good for a diabetic;
  • Oranges
  • Avocado
  • Broccoli
  • Cauliflower
  • Kiwifruit
  • Spinach 
  • cabbages
  • Lemon, oranges, and their juices.

Boiled green bananas

The boiled green bananas act as a carbohydrate source in diabetic meals.
The green bananas contain the fiber known as the pectin which binds bile acids in an individual's gut.
When the bile acids are bind, emulsification and absorption of lipids are hindered and delayed. Delaying fats and glucose absorption prevents abnormal elevation in the bloodstream. Therefore the boiled green bananas balance cholesterol and glucose levels in diabetic patients.

Do diabetics need Sugar?

It's recommended to adhere to zero sugar in diabetic milk or tea to reduce sugar intake to stabilize in the bloodstream (avoiding high blood sugars again). But what if the diabetic experiences low blood sugars which is something critical (emergency)? Adding low Calorie and natural sugar sources like stevia, sugar from fruits, and honey works.

Providing diabetes patients with these fruits(those with fewer calories and healthy sugars) stabilizes sugars and helps meet their needs in case of low sugars:
  • grapes
  • Mangoes
  • Bananas
  • Apples
  • Kiwi fruit
High glycemic index fruits to eliminate when blood glucose elevates in diabetes
They are good for diabetics but are these fruits sugar types relevant to all types of diabetes?
As you know fruits are low in calories and rich in micronutrients. However, some have a high sugar content that can cause a spike in blood glucose levels.

Some have high sugars that apart from being used in diabetes patients with low blood glucose, these fruits tend to be less applicable to diabetic patients with elevated sugar levels.

Here are examples of fruits to remove, or offer some small slices in diabetes patients with elevated sugars;
  • Dried Dates
  • Mangoes
  • watermelons
  • Most ripped bananas.
Diabetic type 2, or those with high blood glucose levels, their fruits should not be those that boost up calories again but should be ones that help stabilize particular sugar types.

Including fruits with high protective antioxidants in a diabetes diet is even more relevant. Those with protective antioxidants help patients with type 1 diabetes, the antioxidants boost pancreatic insulin to those who release but are insufficient to regulate blood sugars.

How fruits with protective antioxidants effects act effectively in type 2 diabetes

Besides these fruits being protective in type 1 diabetes in boosting pancreatic insulin release to those who don't make enough insulin but at least make, these fruits can be more effective to type 2 diabetes who cannot utilize insulin effectively. The aim is to make vitamin E in these antioxidants improve insulin sensitivity.

Edward K.E

Nutrition fit health for all

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