Anaemia, its types, symptoms, what to eat when anaemic


Plates showing insufficient iron food intake leads to anemia
Insufficient intake of iron-rich foods causes iron deficiency anaemia

In this article: anaemia types, symptoms, and what to eat—diet plans to boost your iron stores are explained.

Though some kinds of anaemia don't only require a diet plan full of iron and B vitamins. However, a truly healthy, balanced diet combined with ongoing treatments aids recovery. 

Of course, at this time, your body craves meals with iron and related nutrients with beneficial impact to find an answer to most types of anaemia. 

You will need folic acid and also vitamin C-rich foods In particular, folic acid and vitamin C play a great role for pregnant women. Read more here about how nutrition guides for pregnant women work.

Heme irons (animal meats) are the most iron-rich foods that fix most types of iron-deficiency anaemia because they are easily absorbed in the body. 

Plus, from non-heme sources, green leafy vegetables and legumes are also crucial for you. Yet, non-heme sources will require some nutrients like vitamin C to improve absorption. Similarly, there are some foods and nutrients that should be avoided if iron is to be preserved. This is also explained in the article.

So, jumping to the subheadings, this article has:

  • Different kinds of anaemia and causes
  • Dietary guidelines for anaemia
  • What foods should you avoid in order to preserve your iron store or get all of your irons when they are needed?

Anaemia is described as a reduced number of red blood cells in the circulatory system. This condition arises in several ways that the article will explain. 

Different kinds of anaemia and causes

The various ways that occur are explained by the different kinds of causes.

Hemolytic Anemia

This type of anaemia comes up when the red blood cells are destroyed by bursting due to the hypotonic environment of the blood, or by many things including autoimmune diseases, infections, or certain medications—the destruction is usually faster than their lifespan and the number produced.

Likewise, there are diseases associated with the destruction of red blood cells before the expiry of their lifespan.

So, let’s look at diseases like malaria, which is linked with hemolytic anaemia.

Malaria attacks the human red blood cells, leading to a health issue—we can say, "hemolytic anaemia," if not early treated. The parasites release an enzyme that digests the walls of the cells, thereby eroding them. Thereafter, with time, this causes their numbers to decrease due to destruction.

Iron-deficiency anaemia.

Is influenced by insufficient iron intake, leading to iron deficiency anaemia. This type of anaemia is due to needy nutrients (iron and Vitamin B12) in the body to make red blood cells and haemoglobin. The need for the mentioned nutrients is due to poor nutrition—not getting or ingesting iron-rich foods enough nutrients from foods. There is a

problem with nutrient-nutrient interaction for those who are getting the necessary nutrients but still suffer from iron deficiency. This shows we need to keep the knowledge of nutrient-nutrient interactions—which foods aid the absorption of the others when other foods reduce some bioavailability.

Consequently, a deficit of these nutrients, iron and vitamin B12, is associated with iron deficiency and vitamin B12 deficiency, respectively.

Vitamin B12 is low in red blood cells while iron deficiency-anaemia is a low haemoglobin level in the red blood cells.

Similarly, due to the lower number of red blood cells and the protein in them (hemoglobin) in the body, oxygen transportation to the rest of the body's cells and tissues for respiration is reduced. This results in complications such as fatigue since the oxygen needed by your tissues is limited. Haemoglobin

automatically becomes insufficient, hence the symptoms: pale eyes and fingernails. Because haemoglobin is responsible for the blood's red colour, the number of red blood cells with haemoglobin reaching the body tissues, including the skin and eyes, is diminished.

Chronic illness and anaemia

This category is often seen in people with chronic diseases, such as cancer and kidney disease. It occurs when inflammation interferes with the body's ability to make red blood cells.

Aplastic Anemia

This type arises when the bone marrow doesn’t produce enough red blood cells. It can result from certain medications—one should be well informed by a physician about drugs before getting into medication. Sickle

cell anaemia is an

inherited genetic disease from parent to offspring. Due to the spontaneous change in the genetic make-up of the cells of the parent, the condition is inherited by the offspring.

The change in genetic make-up is associated with "different factors known as mutagens" (gamma rays, harmful sprays, or ultraviolet rays).

Therefore, in sickle cell anaemia, the red blood cells don’t retain their normal shape but are deformed, forming a sickle-shaped cell. Hence, the shape can’t aid their effective movement to carry oxygen properly.


This is another type of inherited anaemia that affects red blood cells. The cells are distinct from the sickle-cell type by not having enough haemoglobin.

 Dietary guidelines for anaemia

When coping with anaemia, these nutritional remedies help.

  • The diet you eat plays a better role in preventing or bringing back things to normal.
  • Furthermore, these guides provide information on how to prevent or manage the condition.
  • Consuming fortified foods, such as fortified iron-breakfast bowls of cereal, which have been fortified with iron, will aid in increasing iron intake.
  • For iron supplementation; obtain iron supplements from your doctor. Getting from a physician makes an individual aware that if supplementation is needed, an individual can ingest the right quantities according to the prescription. Supplementation is done only if the patient has failed to meet the required iron from the diet.


  • Iron is best obtained from natural sources such as cereals and whole grains, as well as green leafy vegetables, particularly spinach. Remember to include heme sources from animal products like liver, fish, and kidneys.
  • Consume foods that increase iron absorption. Consume oranges. They contain vitamin C, which increases iron absorption. Limit or cut off caffeine since it reduces iron absorption. Always value your knowledge of nutrient-nutrient interactions.
  • If you are taking medication, check for drug and nutrient interactions; some antibiotics, such as ciprofloxacin, inhibit iron absorption.
  • Reduce the quantity of food intake in a serving if absorbing food is the problem. You can increase the frequency of having meals if portions are reduced to meet daily intake. This helps deal with malabsorption.
  • Always check for general health with your doctor. Check for diseases like malaria that are lowering the red blood cell count. Individuals should check their health as a whole since dietary patterns might be correct but the hidden disorders, specifically GIT-like malabsorption, are the main ailment causing the condition.


Serum free hemoglobin test, checking for HB level
Checking for your HB level helps determine the haemoglobin you have in your Red Blood cells.

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