Kidney nuture sustenance

 

The kidney is a crucial bean-shaped organ on either side of the vertebral column, inferior to the ribs and posterior to the belly. Here you're going to be educated on how your diet influences your organ health.

Henceforth, the kidney is one of the essential organs helpful to our bodies in keeping us alive and active, which we recognise as one of the functions. The kidney's main function is to maintain homeostasis, which includes body temperature maintenance and electrolyte balance.

The kidney's glomerulus of the nephron filters blood, and the waste products and fluid from the filtrate are passed into the tubules to the bladder where they are excreted as urine. This process accomplishes the kidney function of removing toxins and other waste products, including drugs. Damaged kidneys therefore cannot perform the highlighted functions. When the kidney is damaged, the waste products and toxins accumulate in the blood, and this causes serious symptoms such as nausea, swelling of the legs (the ankles and feet), confusion, and fatigue. If proper care is not taken, the kidney will fail, and this will affect urine output, decreasing its excretion. Thus, urea will be concentrated in the blood, which negatively impacts the body's cells and other organs. Urea concentration can cause heart failure.

 

 

Salty and fatty foods: Fatty foods, such as chocolate, are high in oxalate, which has been linked to kidney stone problems. Salty foods and salt abuse, such as salting on the table, are risk factors for kidney stones. The sodium in salt prevents calcium reabsorption, thus increasing calcium excretion and urine calcium, resulting in calcium stones. Smoking and alcohol intake influence the chances of acquiring chronic kidney diseases such as kidney cancer and hypertension, which is a risk factors for kidney failure. Hypertension, which is high blood pressure, causes arteries delivering blood to the kidney to narrow and weaken, thus impairing glomerular filtration. Finished foods are high in sodium and phosphorous. Excessive consumption of animal proteins containing high levels of acids, such as red meat, can result in acidosis. You consume a lot of protein but drink a lot less water. The kidney finds it difficult to eliminate toxic byproducts of proteins such as urea. Urea requires adequate water to be excreted. regular intake of carbonated soft drinks such as soda. As per the food pyramid, these sodas should be taken sparingly as the phosphoric used in their preservation increases calcium excretion, which is dangerous to one's health overall.

Types of Kidney Disorders

Kidney stones

When small hard deposits of minerals such as calcium, acids, and salts cling together in the kidney and form kidney stones, a person with kidney stones shows the following symptoms:

·        Lumbar vertebrae pain in the back, abdomen, or on the sides of the spine

·        During urine discharge

·        Nausea and vomiting

 Glomerulonephritis Swelling of the glomeruli When kidney blood vessels are damaged, blood filtration becomes difficult, and wastes such as urea accumulate in the blood. Early treatment and management are necessary to avoid kidney failure.

Chron's kidney disease

When the disease of the kidney is not managed, the conditions worsen and lead to renal failure. It's also kidney failure, which is a state in which the kidney has lost the ability to perform its functions of waste removal and electrolyte balance.

urinary tract infection.

Infection of the urinary system It includes infection of all the urinary system parts, which are the kidneys, bladder, and urethra. The symptoms include nausea and vomiting, pain during urination, and blood in the urine, which account for the main symptoms. Nutritional management and therapy for kidney disorders

·        Administering antibiotics to individuals with urinary tract infections to fight the bacteria causing infections 

·        Kidney dialysis is the use of artificial kidneys to remove excess fluids and waste products.

·        Consume proteins with low biological value rather than the high biological value from animal products to optimise protein intake. Their by-product, which is urea from protein breakdown, gives the damaged kidney a hard time eliminating waste products, so waste products accumulate.

·        Foods high in sodium, potassium, and phosphorous should be cut back. Limit consumption of margarine, which contains sodium, and carbonated drinks with phosphoric acid and potassium.

·        Sodium and potassium can be gotten healthily from fruits and table salt. Soda should be added to your diet in small amounts for healthy people to meet micronutrient deficits but should be avoided for kidney stage four patients because their organs cannot handle the removal of excess electrolytes.

·        Giving enough calories to the underweight and those losing weight, when giving calories, proper diet planning, watching on protein diet is significant—mainly portion sizes.

·        Limit fluid intake to avoid putting a burden on the kidneys by excreting excess fluids.

 

 


Edward K.E

Nutrition fit the health of all

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